Orthodontic treatment not only has aesthetic concerns, but also aims to prevent gum diseases that may be encountered in the future, to prevent problems in the jaw joint, to provide chewing functionality and to eliminate this problem of individuals with speech disorders.
Orthodontics; like pedodontics and endodontics, is a sub-discipline of dentistry. His area of expertise is the structural position abnormalities noticed in the arrangement of the teeth, as well as the visible deformations in the jaw structure. So, orthodontics is concerned with detecting misaligned teeth and jaws, preventing or stopping them in the early stages, and improving them later on. It’s also commonly utilized in the community as a braces treatment.
If you ask what orthodontics means; It is a foreign origin word formed by the combination of the ancient Greek words orthos (straight, straighten) and odont (tooth). In fact, its definition clearly explains the purpose of the field. The main goal is all kinds of interventions to the lower and middle face area, especially the teeth, which can affect the general appearance of the face.
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What Does Orthodontic Treatment Mean?
The most basic tool identified with the field of orthodontics is braces. Braces can be used to prevent crowding in the teeth: Along with moving the teeth, correcting the development of the jaw or controlling the development of the muscles are also among the effects of the treatment. Braces apply force to one or more teeth in the desired direction; In fact, it is a simple mechanism consisting of brackets (the parts attached to the tooth surface) and wires inserted between those brackets. Brackets are attached to a group of teeth, or often to all teeth, as the orthodontist deems appropriate. The teeth are moved in the desired direction by means of the wires passed between the adhered brackets.
In Which Situations Is Orthodontic Treatment Necessary?
The most prevalent orthodontic issues are unfavorable alterations in the posture of the jaw and, by extension, the entire face as a result of tooth misalignment. Orthodontic treatment is only carried out after a thorough examination and planning by orthodontic dentists. Six primary abnormalities in the teeth and their relationships are recognized as a result of poor tooth alignment. These:
What are the types of orthodontic disorders?
Apart from all these, complications that occur as a result of situations that cause deformations in the patient’s teeth and jaw structure such as accidents, injuries and physical traumas can also be solved with orthodontic treatment methods and orthodontic appliances when necessary.
What is Overbite
When the upper teeth cover the lower teeth more than they should, this is known as an overbite. The upper teeth may also be positioned ahead of the lower teeth in this condition. Orthodontic therapy can be used to remedy it.
What is Underbite
When the lower teeth are ahead of the upper teeth, this is known as an underbite. The lower lip may pass in front of the upper lip as a result. It is treatable with orthodontic therapy (braces).
What is Crossbite
Between the lower and upper teeth is known as a crossbite. Orthodontic therapy can be used to remedy it.
What is Openbite
When the anterior teeth do not touch each other, the space between the teeth persists even when the posterior teeth touch to close it. It is treatable with orthodontic therapy (braces).
What is Gaps
It is the case of gaps between the lost teeth. It can be corrected with orthodontic treatment (braces) or dentures.
What is Crowding
It is the situation in which there is not enough space for the teeth to come out in a healthy way in one or both jaws and the resulting jamming causes malalignment. It can be corrected with orthodontic treatment.
Types of Orthodontic Treatment
When it comes to braces, one of the first things that comes to mind for patients is the cost of braces; nevertheless, the current condition and the treatment approach to be employed should come first. There are four types of orthodontic treatment methods now in use. Wires to be utilized during the procedure; this may vary depending on the patient’s structural disorder or expectations at certain points.
Metal Braces (Metal Brackets)
It is the oldest, most durable and most used type of braces. After considering the structure of both the jaw and the teeth, it is possible to place it on the inner or outer surface of the tooth by the dentist. Although it does not promise an aesthetically pleasing appearance, it is the treatment method suitable for every problem. In addition, braces prices are often known as the most economical orthodontic method, based on 2019. Depending on the degree of the disorder, recovery is achieved in a period of 6 months to 2 years.
Transparent Braces (Porcelain Brackets)
There is no significant difference in treatment outcome between clear braces and metal braces. Since transparent braces are produced from a porcelain-based material, they look much more aesthetic and natural like tooth structure. However, since it will not be as durable as metal braces, it should be used more carefully. For this reason, it may not be suitable for children.
Lingual Braces (Lingual Braces)
Lingual braces developed to eliminate the disturbing appearance, which is the biggest disadvantage of braces; It is placed on the invisible inner surface of the tooth instead of the visible outer surface. It can be used in situations similar to metal or transparent (porcelain) braces. When compared in terms of treatment prices, it may include higher costs than metal braces or transparent (porcelain) braces.
Transparent Plaque – Transparent Dental Plaque
This method, also known as Invisalign, which consists of the combination of the words “Invisible” meaning “invisible” and “aligner” meaning “correcting”, is frequently used in cases of orthodontic disorders with partially milder tooth and jaw disorders. Unlike the others, there are no brackets and wires in the transparent dental plaque application. The patient is subjected to special 3D measurements for the existing tooth structure and the desired correction. Considering the results of the measurements made, a transparent plaque (Invisalign) is prepared for the patient.